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Titanium Carbide Chemical Formula
The special position that titanium carbide holds among the transition metal compounds is unique. The titanium carbide offers many attractive properties such as high hardness (high thermal conductivity), fire resistance and abrasion resistance. This is why it is in high demand. It’s used to make wear-resistant products. It increases the resistance against oxidation. It’s also useful in coatings.
Titanium carbide’s cubic crystal structure is NaCl-type. It can be hardened between 9 and 9.5 Mohs. It has an average thermal expansion coefficient 7.74 x 10-6/K. It has a melting and boiling points of 3140°C and 4820°C. It has an average relative density of 4.93. It can be purchased in both high purity and ultrahigh purity varieties.
It is an essential component of many hard alloys. It’s used to make large-capacity hard drive memories. It’s also used for optical applications and bearings made of abrasive metal. It’s a strong nucleating agent, and has a high level of wear resistance. This material also features a low coefficient for friction. It can also be used to coat bearings made of abrasive metal and make high-temperature cutters. Also, it is used in the manufacture of electrodes for arc lamps.
Nano Titanium Carbide is a good conductor of heat and electricity. You will also find a high Young’s modulus. You can dissolve it in aqua regia or nitric acids. It exhibits a beautiful gray-white metallic appearance and a cubic structure. It is a good substitute for graphite. It is a good choice for aerospace components because of its high melting point.
By heating titanium powder together with carbon powder in an electrical furnace, you can make Titanium Carbide. It should heat the furnace to 1500-1500°C. It takes approximately 5-20 hours for this chemical reaction to be complete. Pulverizing the resultant powder gives you the final product. Next, the powder is calcined at 40 degrees Celsius for approximately 400 minutes. This increases the quality of titanium carbide.
For making tools and coatings that are wear resistant, titanium carbide can be used as a good material. This material also has a higher oxidation resistance, and resistance to red heat.
Titanium Carbide Powder Properties
Many researches on the titanium carbide powder properties have been done. High melting point, low electrical resistance, and high enthalpy to form are some of the properties of titanium carbide. These properties are combined with a resistance to softening at very high temperatures. This makes it a desirable material for more advanced applications. Additionally, the stoichiometric range is large.
Because of its high hardness titanium carbide makes a great material for parts that are wear resistant. Titanium carbide is an excellent material for electrodes due to its high electrical conductivity and chemical stability. This makes it a suitable material to be used as an electrode or electrical contact material. You can use it as a coating material. You can use it as a roadheader pick or diamond coating.
The effect of titanium carbonide particles on properties of stainless-steel matrix composites has been investigated in this research. After the titanium carbide was deposited on the samples, the steel was AISI 316L. The sintered density of the resulting composites was measured and compared to its theoretical value. It was found that the composites’ density was 3 times less than the AISI 316L.
The content of titanium carbide particles was also found to influence the density of composites. Composites became denser as the amount of titanium carbide particles increased. The reason is that the pores found in the study composites are irregularly shaped. Additionally, particles are more likely to settle near grain boundaries. Thus, the composites studied have a smaller pore size. Results show that particles of titanium carbide can have a significant influence on properties of composites of stainless steel and matrix.
Additionally, titanium carbide can also influence the porosity and strength of studied composites. Tiny TiC particles are used to fill the pores of composites. As titanium carbide particles increased in content, the pores’ density decreased. The increase in titanium carbide particles led to a decrease in the density of pores. However, composites had a greater total porosity.
Titanium carbide powder applications
There are many applications for titanium carbide. You can use titanium carbide powder in a variety of conductive or coating applications. It’s particularly helpful in the production of specialized coatings with high-temperature toughness. This is also used to coat electrical contact materials. It is used extensively in aviation, welding, oil exploration and other areas.
Titanium carbide can be described as a crystalline material with cubic system structures. Titanium carbide has a hardness of 4 329 A. It exhibits excellent conductivity and corrosion resistance. You can use it in many areas, such as hard alloys and electrical contact material coating, roadheader pick coat, and specialty coatings that provide high-temperature hardness.
The first raw material for the manufacturing of cermet tools is titanium carbide powder. The tool’s hardness can be increased and its life expectancy extended by about 3-5 percent.
There are many methods currently available to make titanium carbide powder. These methods are liquid-phase synthesis (gas-phase), core-shell type of synthesis and core. You can get extremely fine titanium carbide dust using these methods. These powders have a maximum particle size of 100 nm. Powders of this size can be sintered at lower temperatures, which results in better sinterability. This powder’s fine size reduces grain growth when sintering.
A matrix of ceramic powder contains titanium carbide, which is used for core-shell synthesis. Particles of high-purity fine titanium carbide are used to cover the ceramic particles. Alumina powder covers the ceramic particles to prevent powder from aggregation. It can also be sintered to make cutting tools. Titanium carbide foam ceramics have a greater strength and hardness than other oxide ceramics. This ceramic also offers excellent wear resistance.
Patent Publication 2 describes the manufacturing process of composite powder. It needs heat treatment at 1 350°C. It contains 0.03 wt.% of titanium carbide. A mixture of an organic solvent (carbon source) is used to prepare the precursor solution. After the mixture is added to the ceramic powder, the powder can be dried.
Safety, environmental, and health regulations
Although titanium carbide powder is low in toxicity, it can still be dangerous to the health. The powder is also dangerous in the event of a serious fire. This substance can be found on the United States Domestic Substances List USSL, Canada Domestic Substances List CDSL and Environmental Protection Agency Chemical Substance Inventory.
The method of handling the powder can pose a risk to eye and respiratory health. Employers should protect their eyes with eye protection and wear gloves that are impermeable to dust. They must also clean up all spillages into suitable containers. The spills should also be kept as moist and clean as possible to avoid dusting.
However, the environmental effects of titanium carbonide powder are still not fully understood. In laboratory animals, there have also been some adverse reactions to this powder. It has been shown that coal dust can cause irritation of the lungs.
Aside from the GHS02 signal, titanium carbide is considered an irritant. It causes primary irritation of the eyes, skin, mucous and mucous membranes. The inhalation of dust may cause respiratory problems such as soot or coughing.
Protective gloves, protective eyewear and an impermeable respirator should be worn by workers to minimize exposure. Workers who are exposed to dust should dampen the liquid and then dispose of it in a sealed container. A self-contained breathing device (SCBA), should be worn by the worker for any firefighting activity.
Additionally, substances may also be included in the Stockholm Convention on Persistent organic Pollutants. Federal, state, and local regulations should all be followed when disposing of the product. The packaging of the product should be destroyed according to the regulations.
It is not included on the REACH Regulations. There may also be international regulations that apply to this substance/mixture. It may also fall under the Rotterdam Convention, depending on its composition. The substance isn’t toxic to aquatic animals.
Additionally, the substance isn’t toxic to your nervous system. Because the chemical is thought to be physiologically harmless,
Titanium Carbide powder price
Price is affected by many things, such as the demand and supply in the market and industry trends. Economic activity. Unexpected events.
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Titanium Carbide powder Supplier
Lempotee advanced materials Nano Technology Co. Ltd., (Lempotee), is a trusted supplier of titanium carbide and TiC powders with more than 12 years experience. All of our products are available for shipment worldwide.
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