Bismuth Hydroxide and Its Applications

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Bismuth is a metal with many uses. Its ilk, bismuth oxide, is ubiquitous in nature and has found use in the laboratory in the form of nanopowders. In the industrial context, it is a byproduct of lead and copper extraction.

For example, bismuth oxide is useful in the context of carbon dioxide gas sensor technology. On the flip side, its properties may pose a challenge in the energy arena. As such, it is a good idea to be aware of the relevant facts.

This is especially true in the realm of chemistry. For example, in the presence of bismuth, nitric acid will dissolve. However, this reaction will only happen in a controlled setting. Thus, the best approach is to add a little bit of acid to a solution of bismuth(III) salts. The end result is a bismuth (III) solution with an oxidation state of +3, or +4, to be exact. If you are on the hunt for a bismuth solution, you should consider the use of a reagent such as sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate or cetyl trimethyl bromine ammonium ion.

Bismuth is a hard metal. However, it is a soft metal when exposed to the right temperature and humidity conditions. One such application is in the medical field. It has a reputed antimicrobial property. Moreover, it is also used to treat digestive ailments. Other applications include a protective agent and a hydrolytic agent in ribonucleic acid. Aside from its medicinal uses, it is also used in the manufacture of crucibles, cylinders, and a variety of other small parts.

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