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Vanadium is a soft transition metal that can increase the strength of steel. It is found in about 65 different minerals, some phosphate rocks and iron ores and is also present in crude oils and in small percentages in meteorites. It is a silver-gray metal that is not easily tarnished by air at room temperature and it does not react with water, but at higher temperatures it rapidly oxidizes.
Commercially, vanadium is obtained by reducing vanadium trichloride with magnesium or a mixture of magnesium and sodium or by calcium reduction of V2O5 in a pressure vessel. It is used as a steel additive and in specialty steels, vanadium-enhanced batteries and chemical catalysts.
American Elements produces to all standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade), ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade, Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade, as well as USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows appropriate ASTM testing standards. vanadium powder is available in dry and granular forms and in rod, ingot, turnings, disc, pellet, disc, pressed and bonded sputtering targets, as well as in compound shapes.
The natural medicine database rates vanadium as LIKELY SAFE in adults when taken by mouth in amounts that are usually found in foods. Larger doses are not safe, and may cause gastrointestinal side effects including abdominal discomfort, diarrhea and gas. In children, larger doses may lower blood sugar and could lead to hypoglycemia. Long term exposure to elemental vanadium may cause respiratory problems such as bronchitis and asthma.