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Boron has unique physical properties, such as its ability to form triple bonds, which allow it to be a key component in energy conversion and storage. It is at the apex of the metals/nonmetals line in the Periodic Table and can be found in a variety of forms. These include inert binary compounds, such as boron chlorides, and fluorides. Boron also has a variety of applications, such as converting electrical energy into light.
Because of its ability to form full octet of electrons, boron has been used to synthesize a wide range of compounds. This is particularly useful for the design of advanced conducting salts. Other important compounds include boron anions. In addition to their strong electrochemical stability, borate anions also have a specific conductivity of 20 degC.
Boron has also shown interesting interactions with other metallic elements. For example, when boron is bound to an aromatic B73- ligand, it can form a half-sandwich complex. Moreover, boron can form several chemical bonds with transition metals.
There is also some evidence that boron can compete with platinum as a catalyst for the evolution of hydrogen. But, no single reversible compound can store the desired amount of hydrogen with high efficiency.
Recently, researchers have developed new boron-containing molecules that offer a powerful opportunity for further exploration of this element in energy research. The present review will cover synthesis and applications of these compounds.
Boron-based anions have also been used for catalysis. Specifically, researchers have investigated the S-H bond borylation reaction. They have also determined that boryl complexes can be used for CH activation.