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Boron carburide is a high-performance carbon compound, which is composed primarily of boron, carbon, and other elements. The chemical formula for B4C is B4C. It has high heat transfer and melting point. It’s widely used by industries, the military, aerospace and other fields. The article will give a detailed description of the physical properties and chemical composition, as well as preparation methods, performance characterisation, and application areas for boron carbide. References are provided to support research in other fields.
Boron carbide, a non-metallic inorganic material, has a mass density of 2.52g/cm3. It has a cubic lattice structure, a black lustre, and a density of 2.52g/cm3. Boron carbide exhibits a low electrical conductivity of only 10-6S/m, and has excellent insulation. Its thermal conductivity (97W/m*K) is lower than metals, silicon and ceramics but higher than glass and other materials.
Boron carbide exhibits chemical stability, and it is not reactive to acids and alkalis. B4C is reactive with O2, H2O and other substances. High temperatures can generate B2O3, CO etc. B4C has anti-oxidant and corrosion resistance. This makes it suitable for long term use in environments with high temperatures and corrosion.
Preparation methods for boron carbide The main methods are the arc melting and chemical vapour deposit method.
Methode de réduction du carbothermal
Carbon thermal reduction (CTR) is widely used to prepare boron carbide . This method generates carbon dioxide and boron carburide by melting boric black and carbon. The reaction formula is B2O3+3C + B4C+CO. The reaction temperature ranges from 1500 to 1700°C. This method has the advantage of being simple, low-cost, and easy to use. However, the boron carbide produced is not of high purity.
Arc melting method
In the arc melting process, graphite electrodes are heated and melted in an arc with boric acid to create boron carbide. The reaction formula is B2O3 + 3C – B4C. The reaction temperature ranges between 1800 and 2000°C. This method yields boron-carbide with a high degree of purity and fine particles, but is costly and complicated.
Chemical vapour deposition method
Chemical vapour deposition uses the reaction of gaseous carbon black and borane at high temperature to create boron carburide. The reaction formula is B2H6+6C B4C+6H2. The reaction temperature ranges between 1000-1200°C. The boron-carbide prepared using this method is high in purity, with superfine particles. However, the process is complicated and expensive.
Physical, chemical, mechanical, and other properties are primarily considered when describing the performance of boron carbide.
Density, conductivity, and thermal conductivity are the main physical properties of Boron carbide. Density is 2.52g/cm3, conductivity 10-6S/m, and thermal conductivity 97W/m*K.
Boron carbide exhibits chemical stability, and it is not reactive to acids and alkalis. B4C is reactive with O2, H2O and other substances. High temperatures can generate B2O3, CO etc. B4C has anti-oxidant and corrosion resistance. This makes it a good choice for long-term usage in corrosive and high-temperature environments.
Boron carbide’s high hardness, melting temperature, and heat transfer make it a popular material in many industries. Hardness of 3500kg/mm2, melting point 2450, and heat transfer rate 135W/m*K are among the characteristics that make boron carbide so popular in industries, military, aerospace, and other fields.
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