Graphite powder is divided into artificial graphite dust and natural graphite. While they share similar properties and structures, the uses of each are different. Researchers have mistakenly called graphite, despite the fact that they are similar in structure and chemical properties. Confusion of these two elements has resulted in many misleading decisions and poor decision making, which have led to economic loss and a significant waste of resource. The article will discuss the relationship between natural and artificial graphite from the viewpoint of their structure, composition, and performance.
Characteristics of Graphite powder
Natural graphite is made by the conversion of carbon-rich organic materials under long-term pressure and temperature geological environments. It’s the natural crystallization. It is the process characteristics that make natural graphite. This is largely determined by its crystal form. There are many uses for minerals with different crystal forms. There are many kinds of natural graphite. Natural graphite is divided into different forms according to their crystalline structure. My country has two types of flake and cryptocrystalline graphite.
Artificial graphite has a similar structure to the polycrystals found in crystallography. The production of artificial graphite is different for each variety. The general term artificial graphite can refer to all graphite products obtained via organic carbonization and graphitization at high temperatures. The use of carbonaceous materials such as pitch coke or petroleum coke to make artificial graphite is the most common definition. This includes aggregates and coal pitch. As binders after batching. Learn about artificial graphite production and how it is used.
Manufacturing Process and Application
Anode material for lithium batteries is one of the most important materials in lithium-ion. This plays an essential role in energy density, cycle stability and other aspects of battery life. New negative electrode materials, such as graphene and carbon nanotubes, have appeared in an endless number of forms over the past few years. Tin-based, silicon, tungsten, and tin-based compounds are all examples. But, their availability has been limited due to a range of issues. At the moment, graphite-based materials for carbon have been the dominant market-oriented anode material.
Artificial graphite offers a higher interlayer spacing than natural graphite (93%) and lower graphitization degrees (93%). It also has lower crystallinity and some layer structures that are more disordered. The surface of artificial graphite has large specific surfaces and is porous. The electrolyte is very easy to react and decompose so it has a low initial efficiency (=350mAh/g).
Researchers have found a way to improve the manufacturing process of artificial graphite, which is used in the manufacture of lithium batteries. Modified artificial graphite is a type of this product. This has characteristics such as high compaction, low expansion rate, long cycle times, and high cycle time. The use of it can increase the lithium battery’s conversion with electrolyte. It will reduce the swelling in the pole shoes and improve the replacement battery’s overall lifespan. It is used to produce artificial graphite, pitch and other chemicals. Then carbonize. The surface of artificial graphite is covered with an amorphous layer made from carbon-doped material. An overlapping layer is used to prevent co-embedding organic solvents as well as the contraction and expansion of graphite. In order to preserve high capacities, low potentials and compatibility of lithium batteries with solvents, the top layer is removed.
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