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Carbon is an element found in many parts of the Earth’s crust as well as its atmosphere. The role of carbon in life is crucial. Human production and existence are directly linked to it. diamonds are forever Diamond is nature’s hardest substance. It has a hardness of 4x that of corundum but 8x that of quartz. How is diamond so hard? There was already a written record of diamond as far back as the 1st Century AD. But, the 1,600-year period that followed did not reveal the diamond’s composition. The “material” which made diamonds was only discovered by scientists in the second decade of the 18th Century. Lavoisier (1743-1794), a French Chemist, conducted experiments in the 1970s to make carbon dioxide gas. This is an amalgamation of oxygen and carbon. substance. This is because diamond contains carbon. These tests proved that diamond’s material is actually carbon. It is not possible to explain the high hardness of diamond despite knowing that diamonds are composed of carbon. For instance, graphite was used in the manufacture of pencil leads. Although the carbon content is the same as that of diamond, graphite has a softer mineral composition than human nails. How are graphite, diamond, and graphite different? William Bragg, a British physicist (1862-1942), answered this question only in 1913. Bragg’s son and his father used X-rays for diamonds observation and to examine the arrangement of atoms within diamond crystals. It was found that every carbon atom in the diamond crystal is closely combined with all the other 4 carbons atoms. This creates a dense, three-dimensional structure. This unique structure has never before been seen in any other minerals. This structure is also 1.5 times more dense than graphite, making diamonds 3.5g/cm. Diamonds are the most hardened because of their dense structure. Also, diamonds are formed from carbon atoms. Synthetic Diamond It is also the hardest material in nature. Diamond has many industrial applications, including high-hard drilling tools, fine abrasive materials and wire drawing dens. Also, it is used in many precision instruments. Also, diamond has exceptional physical properties like super-hardness. It is also resistant to heat, wear, thermal conductivity and semiconductor. The “king of diamond hardness” is also the “kingof gems”. The angle of diamond crystals lies at 54° 44’ 8. The United States utilized graphite in 1950 to make synthetic diamonds. Synthetic diamonds are now widely used in life and production. Although it is difficult to produce large quantities of diamonds (natural diamonds are so valuable), people can make diamond films. Graphite , a dark grey opaque fine-scale solid with metallic luster is a graphite . It’s soft, greasy, and excellent in electrical conductivity. The carbon atoms of graphite have been bonded in a planar layer structure. It is also easy to slip and remove between layers. Main functions: making pencils, electrodes, tram cables, etc. Fullerene was discovered as a crystal form carbon in 1985, after graphite, diamond and linear carbon. Fullerene has been recently discovered as an industrial material. It is more hard than diamond in terms of its hardness, but it is also stronger than steel. It has a 100-fold stronger magnet, can conduct electricity and weighs only one sixth of the copper. They are sometimes called carbon nanotubes, bucky tube or columnar molecules. It is an aromatic, liquid in benzene and sauce red molecule. This can be done by using the resistance heating of graphite rods, or the arc method to evaporate it. C60 can become super-lubricant due to its lubricity. C60 is metal-doped and has potential to be a superconducting substance. C60 could also be used as a semiconductor, catalyst, and in medicine. TRUNNANO is also known as. Lempotee Nano Technology Co. Ltd. (aka. Our company’s graphite granule is of high purity. It has a small particle size, and low impurity. We can help you if your requirements are lower.